Most people on Reddit say you should use a VPN alongside TOR, is this the proper way to stay anonymous?
The truth is that if you do something heinous enough on the net, someone will want to get you badly enough that no VPN is going to stop them. With enough pressure, even the VPN providers will cooperate in some cases. Therefore, a VPN is not a license to forget the difference between right and wrong.
You Will Pay for a Free VPN – Here’s How
Free VPNs need to earn income from their users somehow – how else would they generate revenue?
However, instead of providing the highest standard possible and charging a small fee, they use you to make money indirectly. Their methods are often annoying, dishonest, semi-hidden from users, and, sometimes, dangerous.
Before signing up to a free VPN, be aware of the many issues and dangers involved.
1. Compromising Your Security
One of the primary purposes of a VPN is to protect you from hackers. So it’s alarming that there are some VPNs that actually contain malware – one of the biggest online security risks.
Unfortunately, that has turned out to be the case. A study of 283 VPNs revealed that many free providers contain malware – including Betternet, SuperVPN, and CrossVPN.
In fact, 38% of VPNs showed signs of infection.
Image: Free VPNs are much more likely to contain malware. An AV rank of more than two indicates that malware is most likely present in an app.
Most of the malware is related to advertising – which makes sense.
Free VPNs rely on advertising for revenue. This is also why a VPN that limits your data is less likely to be dangerous than one that offers a free product.
2. Tracking Your Online Activity
This is maybe the worst offence a VPN can make – and disturbingly, it’s the most common.
A major reason you use a VPN is to protect your privacy while browsing the internet. Thus, its startlingly ironic that the same study found 72% of free VPNs embed third-party trackers in their software.
Image: Only 28% of free VPNs were found to have zero third-party trackers – which means 72% are recording your online activity.
These trackers are used to gather data on your online activity so advertisers are better able to target you with ads.
Instead of providing you privacy, the VPNs are doing the exact opposite, by collecting your information and selling it to the highest bidder.
“By using the Services, You acknowledge, consent and agree that we may collect, process, and use the information that you provide to us and that such information shall only be used by us or third parties…”
Notably, premium VPNs were found to have few trackers than all apps in general, not just free VPNs. This means that in most cases, when you buy a premium VPN, you actually do get the privacy that you’re looking for.
3. They Can’t Unblock Netflix
Currently, there is no free VPN that will reliably unblock Netflix.
Netflix – along with all major streaming sites – use the toughest ‘geoblocks’ in the world. Even premium VPNs struggle to break though them. Only a few succeed.
Yes, technically, it’s possible to occasionally succeed using Tunnelbear, but it’s far from guaranteed to work. More often than not, you’re going to get hit with an error message.
Image: Error message free VPN users usually get when they try to bypass the Netflix geo-block.
Plus, Tunnelbear’s free package is limited to 500 MB a month, which isn’t enough data to get through even one movie.
ProtonVPN can unblock Netflix using particular servers, but because they deliberately slow down your internet speed, you’ll probably go crazy from the buffering before you make it through a single episode of Orange is the New Black.
Windscribe and Hotspot Shield offer Netflix access, but only to those with paid subscriptions.
The simple truth is:
Bypassing Netflix geoblocks requires a huge amount of resources and dedication, and VPN providers will not give that away for free.
4. Limiting the Amount of Data You Can Use
As mentioned above, some of the most popular free VPNs limit the amount of data you can use. They do this entice you, then push you into upgrading to a paid plan out of sheer frustration.
A good example of this practice is Tunnelbear, which limits monthly data to a measly 500mb.
Image: Tunnelbear pushes you towards their paid packages from the moment you sign up
5. Slowing Down Your Internet
Your internet slowing down is an issue you’ll face often with poor quality VPNs. However, your VPN deliberately slowing you down is particularly frustrating.
This is ProtonVPN’s strategy. Although ProtonVPN provides excellent security, to encourage their free users to upgrade to the paid plan, they prioritize them less than their paid subscribers – meaning your internet speeds will often slow to a snail’s pace.
Displays the ProtonVPN interface with a red box around text that says medium speed.
Image: At least ProtonVPN is upfront about how they slow internet speeds for free users. ‘Medium’ is deliberately vague and misleading, however.
Free VPNs also slow down your internet speeds by displaying ads (see below) and by selling your bandwidth.
6. Bombarding You with Ads
The reason for this approach is simple. Since their users aren’t paying them monthly subscriptions, free VPNs need another way to make money off them.
Betternet is one provider that uses this model. Although they state on their website that they don’t show you annoying ads, in reality, ads pop up whenever you connect.
Image: Betternet claims not to show you ads.
However, the reality is users face ads every time they turn on the VPN.
Image: Betternet log in window
Similarly, Hotspot Shield’s free app is riddled with ads, an issue that has led to a lot of complaints among our readers.
Not only are ads annoying, they can also slow down your internet speeds or contain malware.
Finally, advertisers like to customers with specific ads. The appearance of ads on a VPN raises user privacy concerns. In other words, if your VPN is showing ads, they’re probably also sharing your online activity with third parties.
7. Selling Your Bandwidth
In addition to allowing ads, the VPN Hola found another way to make money off their free users: they let paying customers use your device’s processing power – essentially selling your bandwidth for profit.
They actually state this on their website, though they spin it in a much more positive way:
“Hola generates revenue by selling a commercial version of the Hola VPN service to businesses (through our Luminati brand). This is what allows us to keep Hola free for our PC and Mac users. Users who want to enjoy the Hola network without contributing their idle resources can do so by joining the Hola premium service for $5 per month (or $45 per year).”
They don’t mention that Luminati has been used in at least one known botnet attack.
A botnet attack infects a large number of individual computers with malware and harnesses them together to carry out an attack. In other words, all the computers in Hola’s network (i.e. all the ones belonging to their free users) were taken over by cyber-criminals.
This might not even be a one-time-incident. Hola doesn’t currently monitor how Luminati users exploit the Hola network, making it a perfect tool for cyber-criminals.
In short, by using Hola’s free VPN service, not only are you letting the company sell your device’s processing power – you’re potentially allowing it to be used for criminal purposes.