Today we will be teaching you how to make your phone impossible to track using stylometry. Now most people will resolve to downloading VPN apps, Tor Browser, buying anonymous sim cards and never connecting their phone to WiFi. This is all fine and dandy, but they are overlooking one key factor: stylometry.
You may have the most bulletproof burner phone set up, but if your stylometry is compromised – they will find you (whoever they are).
What Is Stylometry & How Can You Use It To Make Your Phone Impossible To Track?
Our stylometry is our personal and unique writing style. No matter who you are you have a unique finger printable, and traceable writing style. This has been understood for a while now, and a branch of forensics is built off of this principle: forensic linguistics. In this field, the particular name for forensic linguistics applied to internet crime is called write print. Writeprint primarily aims to determine author identification over the internet by comparing a suspect’s text to a known corpus of writer invariant [normally written] text, and even without comparison text, this forensic technique can yield personal information about an author [gender, age, personality].
This means when they can’t track your IP address or cell plan, they will resolve to your language pattern in order to trace your whereabouts. By using stylometry they can follow you across a network of burner phones and even onto your personal computer. For example, let’s say you are an avid user of a questionable forum. With every post you make you are leaving a language trail that can be used to identify you later down the line. Now if someone who wanted to track you got a good guess of what anonymous phone number you are using – they could use the language pattern from the forum to identify you via your text messages or social media posts.
This use of stylometry has been used time and time again in the court of law as evidence to link someone to multiple online accounts and phone numbers. This is not something to take lightly and you should be very wary on how you write and portray yourself via text (especially when your privacy depends on it).
What Do They Look for When Examining Your Writing?
- Lexical features – analysis of word choice
- Syntactic features – analysis of writing style, sentence structure, punctuation, and hyphenation
- Structural features – analysis of structure and organization of writing
- Content-specific words – analysis of contextually significant writing such as acronyms
- Idiosyncratic features – analysis of grammatical errors, this is the most important factor to take into account because it has a high accuracy of author identification
Think that this is not something that LE pays attention to? Think again I say. There have been multiple cases where LE has used write print techniques to help catch and sentence people. Here are a few examples:
We all understand the case of OxyMonster, including his magnificent beard, but did you know that LE used write print to help indict him? It is true.
“Open source data revealed that VALLERIUS has Instagram and Twitter accounts. Agents compared the writing style of “OxyMonster” on the Dream Market forum while in senior Moderator role to the writing style of VALLERIUS on his public Instagram and Twitter accounts. Agents discovered many similarities in the use of words and punctuation to including the word “cheers;” double exclamation marks; frequent use of quotation marks; and intermittent French post.”
Lesson learned? Do not use the exact same writing style for your darknet activities as you use for your clearnet activities, in particular pay close attention to your use of common phrases, and punctuations. Also as a side note: limit the amount of reference material that LE can use as comparison text, you do not want to find yourself in jail showers because of your political Twitter post, now do you?
Here is another example from the book American Kingpin, about how a DEA agent investigated the writing style of DPR from a unique perspective.
“For one, Dread used the word “epic” a lot, which showed that he was likely younger. He also used emoji smiley faces in his writing, though he never used a hyphen as the nose, writing them as 🙂 rather than the old-fashioned :-). Yet the one attribute about DPR that stood out to Jared was that rather than writing “yes” or “yeah” on the site’s forums, Dread instead always typed “yea.”’
Lesson learned here? Pay attention to the little things that add up. If you usually reply with “ok” to people, maybe try to reply with “okay” for your darknet activities. Again, I want to mention that you should NEVER use words or phrases from the darknet [even if they are not in public post] for clearnet purposed, and vice versa. DPR used frosty as the name for his silk road servers, and for his YouTube account, which helps convince LE that DPR was in fact Ross Ulbricht. If you want to make your phone impossible to track you NEED to keep these mistakes in mind.
Counteracting Surveillance – How To Make Your Phone Impossible To Track
- Reduce the amount of comparison text for LE to compare you with, this goes with having a small clearnet footprint as well [reducing the power of OSINT].
- Use a word processor to fix any grammatical errors that you regularly encounter.
- Reduce or change the idioms that you use on the darknet.
- Understand how your alias affects your writing style, is your alias younger, older, more educated, or less educated? If your alias is older maybe speak in a more JRR Tolkien style of writing, again this is up to you.
- Pay attention to how your slang and spelling identify you. If you are from the UK you say maths, if you are from the USA you say math. It does not matter how you say maths, all that matters is that it can be used to identify you. This also applies to slang, many regions have different and extremely particular slang. You do not ask someone from the USA for a rubber and expect them to give you an eraser as an example.
- Pay attention to your use of emoticons, in the previous DPR example, the DEA agent was able to make a correct assumption that DPR was likely young because he did not use a hyphen when making a smiley emoticon.
- Pay attention to how you structure your writing, do you use two spaces after a period? Do you constantly use parenthesis in your writing?
- Consider what symbols you use in your writing do you use £’s or $’s?
- How To Make Your Phone Impossible To Track? Simply follow steps 1-8.
What Different Linguistic Choices Say About You
How To Make Your Phone Impossible To Track Using Emoticons
- Russians use ) instead of 🙂 or 🙂 to express a smiley face.
- Scandinavians use =) instead of 🙂 or 🙂 for a smiley face.
- Younger people generally do not use a hyphen in their smiley faces.
How To Make Your Phone Impossible To Track Using Structural Features
- Two spaces after a period give off the impression that you are older, due to the fact that this is how typing was taught to people learning to type with typewriters. Hence one of the reasons that I think Adam Back is Satoshi Nakamoto due to the similarities of their writing styles, with this as one of the examples.
- In America people write numbers out with commas between numbers to the left of the starting number and with periods between numbers to the right of the starting number. This is in contrast to how people write out numbers on the rest of the earth.
European nations: 1.000,00
How To Make Your Phone Impossible To Track Using Spelling Slang And Symbols
- Obviously people in different nations use different slang so pay attention to your use of slang. This is even more pronounced when you use slang that is not as well known in other nations such as someone from the UK mentioning a headmaster when in other nations it is referred to as a principle.
- Spelling is another important factor that is similar to slang, except it is harder to control. If you want to pretend that you are from the USA however you live in Australia it only takes one time of spelling color as color to let people understand that someone is up.
- Some people also spell words in a particular way that is not regional for example you might spell ax as axe or vice versa.
- Of course the symbols you use on your keyboard can give a lot of information away, such as £’s or $
Techniques to Prevent Whiteprint
Use a website or software such as google translate to translate between different languages before translating back to your original language. This might take a lot of translations, and will also probably require you to edit your message before posting it. To use Google translate in tor make sure to use the mobile version.
Word Processor Technique
Word Processor Advanced
This technique is similar to the last technique, though it is more advanced. This involves using, a pinch of disinformation. First, this grants you all the same protection from typing tracking and grammatical error tracking, however, it also as previously mentioned allows you to use disinformation. First decide upon a list of words that you frequently don’t misspell, maybe the words grammatical, symbol, and pronounced [this list should include more words]. Now go into your preferred word processor, and change your auto-correct settings. For this I will be using LibreOffice because it is FOSS, first go to the top setting bar, then click on Tools, next click on AutoCorrect, and then AutoCorrect options [Tools > AutoCorrect > AutoCorrect Options]. From here enter your list of words that you have decided on as advised above, put the correct spelling in the “Replace” box, and the desired misspelling in the “With” box. Now that you have done this whenever you type let us say: grammatical it autocorrects to the word grammaticel. This is just the first step, for providing misinformation against linguistic fingerprinting.
Next, find a list of words that you commonly use in your writing. Let us say that I love to use contractions when I write, maybe I always use words such as: can’t, don’t, shouldn’t, won’t, or let’s. Well, maybe I want to go into LibreOffice and add in statements to automatically replace all contractions with the full versions of the words [can’t, don’t, shouldn’t, won’t, let’s > cannot, do not, should not, will not, let us]. Do you see how this can make a large difference in your writing and give a difference in how people and most importantly LE perceives of you? You can change most words to be different, as an example you can change huge to large in the LibreOffice AutoCorrect box. Just make sure these words fit with your alias.
Finally, I want to go over changing your word choice to fit a geographic location, maybe you live in the USA and you want to give the impression that your alias is from the UK for example, you can make use of location-based spelling and lexicon. I will say this here: this is extremely risky, and one mistake can give it away. Now that I’m done with this warning I will give you some tips on how to properly pull this off. First off you need to decide where you want to give the impression of your location. As I mentioned before I will be explaining how to do this if you want to give off the impression that you are from the USA, or from the UK. First off you need to understand a thing or two about where your alias is “from”, don’t pretend that you are from the UK, yet have no idea about it other than it exists. After you have decided upon a good location that your alias is from research on the differences in language between the two languages. Thanks to the internet this is quite easy, you can find Wikipedia pages highlighting the regional differences of a language between two nations. Pay attention to how certain words are spelled [metre > meter], and what words are exchanged with each other [boot > trunk]. Now that you have a list of words that can be exchanged with each other, and a list of spelling that is different add your desired spelling to the AutoCorrect box in LibreOffice, and there you go.
If you didn’t already know, LibreOffice is one of the apps we include in our privacy app suite installed on the Zero Trace Pen. Not only will you have your computer configured to the maximum security settings, but you will have it preloaded with all the essential apps to keep your stylometry untraceable. For more info go here.